In the book, Integrative Approaches to Psychology and Christianity, Entwistle examines two disciplines that share an interest in how human beings function. He goes in depth about the worldviews, models of integration, and philosophical foundations that shape the relationship between psychology and theology. Both disciplines are very helpful in understanding human beings and can be integrated as long as the methodologies and fundamental teachings do not contradict each other. Whether we find the truth through psychology or the Bible “all truth is God’s truth, so that where and however truth is discovered, its author is God” (Entwistle, 2010 p.13).
Many people would not agree that Christianity and theology cannot be integrated, but in actuality it can. This book helps the reader understand the basics of what psychology and theology is and how it can be integrated beautifully if you take the right steps and don’t remain open minded to your view of the world. Worldview, as defined by Entwistle, is “a set of presuppositions which we hold about the basic make-up of the world” (Entwistle, 2010 p.56). Our worldview assumptions whether it is true or not, plays a major role in how we relate psychology and Christianity. Every individual will have their own truth because the lens through which they see the world is biased. This is why it is important to examine their presuppositions to get clearer understanding of the world and how we live.
Entwistle also develops a framework composed of five models: Enemies, Spies, Colonialists, Neutral Parties, and Allies. Enemies make a general assumption that psychology and Christianity are incompatible with each other. Spies believe all religious systems are psychological phenomena. Colonialists do not make significant effort to understanding how psychology and Christianity can both express truths. Neutral Parties believe that psychology and theology are “Completely independent disciples, with their own sources,...