Alexander the Great was, and is, widely known as arguably the greatest military commander of all time. He singlehandedly changed the nature, and as a result, the territory of the ancient world, in little more than a mere decade.
Alexander was born in the Pella, the capital of the Greek state, Macedon in July 356 BC. Son of the King of Macedon, Phillip II and his wife, Olympias, and educated by the renowned philosopher Aristotle. When Phillip appointed him as his son’s tutor, Aristotle asked, in exchange, for him to rebuild his hometown of Stageria, which Phillip had razed. Phillip did this by pardoning those in exile, and freeing ex-citizens who were slaves. Alexander, along with the sons of the some of the high ranked somatophylakes (personal bodyguards and generals of Alexander), Ptolemy, Hephaistion and Cassander, attended the class held by Aristotle and the Temple of the Nymphs and Meiza.
In 336 BC, Phillip was assassinated, and as a result, inherited his powerful yet volatile kingdom. He swiftly dealt with his enemies within the country and reasserted Macedon’s power in Greece. He then sought to subjugate the massive Persian Empire.
He firstly invaded Asia Minor, Syria, and Egypt, without even suffering a single defeat. Over the course of 10 years and against overwhelming odds, he led his experienced army to victories against Persia, including victories at Issus, and most notably, at Gaugamela which is now modern Iraq, in 331BC. The young king of Macedon, overlord of Asian Minor, Pharaoh of Egypt, leader of the Greeks, now became the great king of Persia at 25.
Over the next eight years, as king, commander, politician, scholar and explorer, Alexander led his army a further 11,000 miles, founding over 70 cities and creating an empire that stretched across three continents and covered around two million square miles. The entire area from Greece in the west, north to the Danube, south into Egypt and as far to the east as the Indian Punjab, was linked...