U.S. History in American schools and universities usually begins or the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus or Indigenous background. The second approach is becoming more popular in recent decades. But I want to start my precis on Native Americans.
Contrarily to popular belief, civilization did exist in America before the Europeans arrived in 1492. In his book titled Chronology of Native Americans: The Ultimate Guide to North America’s Indigenous Peoples, Greg O’Brien asserts that “diverse peoples with different languages and cultures” already inhabited the “New World.” The first Americans are believed to have arrived in North America over 10,000 years ago. They crossed a land bridge that existed between Asia and North American in the area that is now the Bering Straits. The Native Americans developed individual groups or nations. It is estimated that when the first Europeans arrived in 1492 there were 15 to 20 million Native Americans living in the land. They spoke over 1,000 languages.
The Native Americans throughout North America had a number of similarities. Each group or nation spoke the same language, and almost all were organized around an extended clan or family. They usually descended from one individual. Each group had a series of leaders, in some cased the leaders inherited their rolls in others they were elected.
Native Americans believed in the power of the spirits. The spirits were found in nature. Their religious leaders were called Shamans. Native Americans believed that people should live in harmony wit nature. They did not believe that people should own land rather the land belonged to everyone. The history of American Indians dates back to tens of thousands of years. Scholars estimate that between 43 million to 65 million indigenous people lived in the Americas before 1492.
When to date the start of the history of the United States is debated among historians. Older textbooks started with the arrival of Christopher...