“History is the witness that testifies to the passing of time; it illuminates reality, vitalizes memory, provides guidance in daily life, and brings us tidings of antiquity.” Cicero
Marcus Tullius Cicero (born on January 3, 106 BC and murdered on December 7, 43 BC) was many things, including; an orator, lawyer, politician and philosopher- his main focus in life being politics. Although his family was aristocratic they did not hold much power in the Roman government. This meant that Cicero had to work harder than those born into political standing, and with the limited options to become a politician during this time he decided to become a lawyer. He quickly made a name for himself, being elected to every principle office on his first time running and at the youngest legal age, including the Roman Senate. However, in January of 58 BC, he was exiled and was no longer allowed to partake in politics. Cicero then underwent his first year of continuous philosophical study, and ever after he was allowed to return from exile, spent the remainder of his life studying and writing about philosophy. Nowadays, Cicero is not seen as an “exceptional thinker,” although he was considered in previous centuries to be a great philosopher of the Ancient Era.
“The function of the historian is neither to love the past nor to emancipate himself from the past, but to master and understand it as the key to the understanding of the present.” E.H. Carr
Edward Hallett Carr, born June 28 1892, was a British historian, journalist, and international relations theorist. He started out as a diplomat at the age of twenty four, but due to his increasing interest in international relations and the Soviet Union he resigned from the British Foreign and Commonwealth Office in 1936, after twenty years of service there, to study these issues. After only five years of focusing on his academics, Carr began working for The Times as an assistant...