In pursuing an explanation on human behavior, there are many personality theories to choose from that represent where our behaviors stem from. Numerous of these theories prioritize on the stages of development, another area that the theories focus on are that we are born with our personality already pre-disposed in our genetics. Carl Rogers theory of personality focused on a psychotherapy known as Person-Centered Theory, which is a based on that individuals are self-actualizing and develop in response to their environment. Rogers theory is based in humanistic psychology, as like in Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs. He agreed with Maslow’s theory but added that for a person to reach self-actualization they need an environment that can provide them with acceptance and empathy.
Keywords: [Carl Rogers, Person-Centered Theory, self-actualization and self-concept]
Carl Rogers was born on January 8th, 1902 in Oak Park, Illinois. He was raised in a very religious and strict environment. His family believed very strongly in familial bonds, and relationships were not allowed due to his parent’s beliefs. “His parents held strict religious views and emphasized moral behavior, the suppression of displays of emotion, and the virtue of hard work.” (Schultz and Schultz, 2013) Due to his upbringing being so strict and structured Rogers became very isolated, independent, and self-disciplined.
Carl Rogers went on to the University of Wisconsin majoring in agriculture, but switching to religion later on to study for a ministry. He traveled to Beijing as a student for six months, through these experiences it made him start to rethink his basic views of religion. He graduated and married Helen Elliot, whom his parents did not approve of. After his marriage, Rogers began attending Union Theological Seminary in New York, in turn this turned Rogers away from religious studies. He moved to Columbia University and studied clinical psychology where he...