The Chernobyl nuclear disaster was a human induced hazard that significantly impacted the world, in particular Ukraine on the 26th of April 1986. A human induced hazard is affected by natural environmental conditions and can be prevented and predicted and so must be managed and responded to in different ways. As a result of this nuclear accident, the city of Pripyat, where the Chernobyl nuclear plant was located had to be evacuated. As a result, there were many social, environmental, economical, demographic and political affects on society.
The Chernobyl nuclear accident had significant environmental ramifications for not only Ukraine, but also all over Europe. The explosions that destroyed the power plant released a cloud of radionuclides that contaminated large areas of Europe. As a result of the Chernobyl disaster, hundreds of thousands of hectares of forsests, rivers, cropland and urban centres wree contaminated by environmental fallout.
The environmental impact of the disaster resulted in significant social issues and health issues in the city of Pripyat. Due to the disaster, 50 emergency rescue workers died from acute radiation syndrome and related illnesses as well as 4000 children and adolescents contracting preventable thyroid cancer through not being exposed to radiation. As a result of exposure, nine children died. The disaster caused significant psychological impacts with studies having found that exposed populations had anxiety levels twice as high as normal, with greater levels of depression and stress symptoms also being prevalent. The impact on them was emphasized through their descriptions of themselves not as “survivors”, but as victims, helpless, weak and lacking control over their futures.
Social impacts as a result of the disaster were exacerbated by the severe financial hardship faced. As a result of the disaster, the exodus of skilled workers made it increasingly difficult to offer social services.
Image of the city of Pripyat...