The Comfort Theory
Katharine Kolcaba was born in Cleveland, Ohio in 1944 She earned her nursing diploma from St. Luke's Hospital of Nursing in 1987 She earned her Ph.D. in Nursing in 1997 Recently retired from full-time Associate Professor of nursing at the University of Akron College of Nursing In 2006, Kolcaba received the Researcher of the Year award
The Comfort Theory
Kolcaba's Comfort Theory states that comfort is one of the fundamental needs of all individuals. Providing comfort is the first thing a nurse does for an ill person. Enhancing comfort for a patient will result in the patient engaging in health seeking behaviors. This, in turn, results in institutional integrity, meaning better practices and policies. There are three forms of comfort. These are relief, ease, and transcendence. There are four contexts in which comfort occurs: physical, psychospiritual, sociocultural, and environmental It is a middle range theory, meaning it carries variables that have been tested and proven.
Types of Comfort
Relief- the state of having a specific comfort need met. Example: Postoperative pain relieved by prescribed medicine. Ease- a comfortable state of contentment. Example: Anxiety issues addressed. Transcendence- state of comfort in which patients are able to rise above problems of pain. Example: Health seeking behaviors
Types of Context
Physical- pertaining to bodily sensations, mechanisms, and functions. Psychospiritual- pertaining to self awareness. This includes self esteem, sexuality, meaning of one's life, one's understood relationship to a higher order, etc. Example: massage, special visitors, caring touch, encouragement. Enviromental- pertaining to external background. This includes temperature, light, sound, odor, etc. Example: descrease noise level, allow for privacy and safety. Sociocultural- pertaining to...