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Comparison of Nursing Theories Essay

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Below is an essay on "Comparison of Nursing Theories" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Kozier and Erb (2007) defined nursing theory as providing direction and guidance in structuring profession nursing practice, education, and research   while providing differentiation from other disciplines and serving as a template for the assessment, intervention, and evaluation of nursing care   [ (Kozier, Erb, Snyder, & Berman, 2007) ]. The spectrum of nursing theory encompasses four metaparadigms consisting of the patient, environment, health, and nursing, with the focus of nursing centering on the patient   [ (Kozier, Erb, Snyder, & Berman, 2007) ].   Nursing theory can be divided into a series of specific philosophy, each addressing a different aspect of nursing care with a common end result – enhanced patient care. The theories involve include – needs theory (centered around assisting the individual achieve his/her maximum functional potential), interaction theory (involve the relationship between the nurse and the patient), outcome theory (the nurse is a change force who guides the patient to adapt to illness), and caring/becoming theory (the patient and the nurse are brought together due to the fundamental act of caring)   [ (Meleis, 2012) ]. The purpose of this paper is to compare and contrast a nursing theorist from each of the aforementioned nursing categories. The following theorists were chosen – Virginia Henderson (needs theorist), Ernestine Wiedenbach (interaction theorist), Martha Rogers (outcome theorist), and caring/becoming theorist (Jean Watson). The education background, definition of nursing, philosophy of nursing, and goal/purpose of nursing will be explored.

Comparison of Nursing Theorists  
Virginia Henderson (Needs Theorist)
  * Education:   Diploma in Nursing Army School of Nursing (1921); BSN from Teachers College, Columbia University (1932);   M.A. Teachers College, Columbia University (1934)
  * Definition of Nursing: Role of the nurse is to assist the patient when sick or healthy to perform activities which contribute to a...

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Comparison of Nursing Theories. Anti Essays. Retrieved December 16, 2018, from the World Wide Web: http://teachingsail.com/free-essays/Comparison-Of-Nursing-Theories-411655.html


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