University of Phoenix
Ethics is known as a system of moral principles, principles that affect how people make decisions and lead their lives. According to Boylan, (2009), “Ethics is the science concerning the “right and wrong” of human action.” There are many different theories associated with ethics, theories such as the virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics. These individual theories not only have many differences between them, but they also have many similarities that concern themselves with what is good for individuals and society.
The first theory is the Virtue theory, which looks at virtue or moral character, rather than at ethical duties, rules and even consequences of those actions. The theory concentrates on the way people live their lives, not on individual actions. Actions are right if and only if it is an action that a virtuous person would do in the same circumstances as someone with good character. According to Boylan, (2009), “It takes the viewpoint that in living your life you should try to cultivate excellence in all that you do and all that others do.”
Utilitarianism, according to Dix, (2010), “Is a teleological approach because it focuses on the consequences of an action, as opposed to whether or not an action is intrinsically good in itself.” An action is right if it tends to promote happiness and an action is wrong if it does not produce happiness.
The emphasis in Deontological ethics is to do a particular action because the action itself is right, and with that a person does not worry about the consequence that may come with that action. The theory concentrates on the reasons the actions were performed.
When trying to explain the relationship between virtue, values, and moral concepts as they relate to one of these theories mentioned above, the virtue theory comes to mind because of my history in the United States Army. The US Army has seven...