Faith is derived from the Greek word ‘pistis’ and latin word ‘fides’. It means an inner attitude, conviction, or trust relating man to a supreme God or ultimate salvation. Faith is the assurance of things hoped for, the conviction of things not seen. The present dimension of faith is the life of obedience in which the believer demonstrates his or her faithfulness to God out of gratitude and love for the one whom he or she unconditionally trusts. Theologically, it expresses the fundamental nature or response of the human person to God. It is the assured knowledge that changes the believer and the means through which one receive justification. Thus, this paper will specially deal with the biblical understanding of faith, its development, along with theological, psychological understanding of faith and lastly its implications on Pastoral Care and Counselling.
2. Faith According to Different Religious Beliefs:
In Christian theology, faith is the divinely inspired human response to God’s revelation through Jesus Christ and, consequently is of crucial significance.
Catholic tradition especially conceives faith (with hope and love) as one of three theological virtues. Since virtues are habits, settled dispositions to act, faith must work.
In biblical Judaism, “faith” is principally juridical; it is the faithfulness or truthfulness with which person’s adhere to a treaty or promise and with which God and Israel adhere to the covenant between them.
Faith is also central to Buddhist thought, where faith (saddha) is necessary to begin and persevere on the path of enlightenment. It is present in any wholesome consciousness and is one of the five cardinal virtues. The objects of faith are the Buddha, the dharma and the sangha.
In Islam faith is what sets the believer apart from others; at the same time, it is ascertained that “none can...