Howard Gardner proposed the theory of multiple intelligences in 1983. Gardner believed that although a person may utilize one or two intelligences more than the other each person still has some level of each intelligence and that the value of these intelligence may change due to different cultures (Huffman, 2008). In the beginning Gardner had only introduced the first seven and after further research there are a total of eight different types of intelligences which consist of: linguistic, spatial, bodily/kinesthetic, intrapersonal, logical/mathematical, musical, Interpersonal, and Naturalistic.
Intelligence is defined as the global capacity to think rationally, act purposefully, and deal effectively with the environment (Huffman, 2008). A type of intelligence is a “biopsychological” potential to process information that can be activated in a cultural setting to solve problems or create products that are of value in culture (Woolfolk, 2010). Intelligence can be viewed in different ways, an evolutionary perspective, intelligent behavior solves problems of adaptation facilitates survival. From a cognitive perspective, intelligence is applied cognition, the use of cognitive skills to solve problems or obtain desired ends (Kowalski, & Westen, 2011).
A person’s intelligences can have great impact on their future success. Each intelligence can be brought together to perform great in school, careers and well as their social life. People use different intelligence to learn new material, perform task, and solve problems. All eight intelligences can be used in different ways and also help you throughout life. Intrapersonal, linguistic, and also logical/mathematical are three different intelligences which can lead to a successful life. Having a successful life is learning and reaching goals that you set for yourself. You are trying to be good at what you do and also make yourself a better person in all aspects of life.