College Reading 2
10 questions about Sleep Disorders
1. What causes sleep disorders? There can be many causes of sleeping disorder. Some medications may encourage them. Bad habits can cause many sleep problems. Health issues of all kinds can effect sleeping. Lack of exercise or stress are common problems as well.
2. How does alcohol affect sleep? Alcohol is a depressant. While it may relax you and help you fall asleep, it also disrupts the normal sleep cycle. Alcohol reduces the time spent in REM sleep and the metabolism that clears it from your body when you are sleeping causes a withdrawal syndrome. This withdrawal causes awakenings and is often associated with nightmares and sweats.
3. How could medications be causing sleep disorders? Medications such as antidepressants, cold medicines, and steroid medicines changes in your sleep patterns shortly after starting or changing dosage of a new drug.
4. What are some of the anatomic causes of sleep apnea? Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may similarly be related to obstruction along the airflow pathway. Common oral sites include the tongue base, soft palate, uvula, mandible (jaw), and tonsils. Nasal and nasopharyngeal sources may also play a role. Specifically, the adenoids, septum, and inferior turbinates should all be carefully evaluated. More inferiorly, the soft tissues of the neck may be predisposed to collapse and obstruction.
5. What are some of the other health issues related to sleep apnea? In terms of lifestyle issues, some studies have found an association between the presence of OSA and erectile dysfunction in men. Untreated OSA may also lead to hypertension, coronary artery disease, memory impairment, stroke, and adult onset diabetes. In one study, snoring was found to be associated with elevation in blood glucose markers, potential signs of impending diabetes.
6. How much sleep does a person need? The amount of sleep required varies by individual and...