Nama: Inggrid Ayusari Asali
Faculty Of Medicine Airlangga University
Pengelolaan Kusta (Management of Leprous)
Leprosy’s Eliminating Programs and Its Management .
Leprosy which is also known as Hansen’s disease is a chronic infectious disease caused by bacillus Mycobacterium leprae. This bacteria mainly affects superficial tissues, especially the skin, mucous membranes and peripheral nerves. (Hastings, R. C et al., 1988).
On World Health Organization’s 2013 Weekly Epidemiological Record , show that Indonesia is the third country with the highest number of newly detected leprosy cases after India and Brazil. The disease is most common in slump area which is overcrowded and poorly nutrition that allow people to become more easier to be infected.
According to the Centre for Disease of Northern Territory Government , Leprosy is not a very contagious infection. It is not hereditary and cannot be caught by usual touch.Leprosy transmission occurs via droplets from nose and mouth. But only people who are in close and frequent contact with an infectious person are at high risk of infection ,like household member.
However, nowadays the understanding and management for leprosy have vastly improved in terms of both the treatment of the disease and removal of the stigma attached to it .With multi-drug therapy (MDT) becoming widely available, thousands of people worldwide have been cured of leprosy (Rafferty, J. 2005). Within one day of starting MDT medication, there is no risk of the disease spreading to anyone else and they do not need to stay in a hospital for treatment. By early intervention, leprosy is curable and preventable . (Scollard, D. M et al., 2006).
The ministry of health emphasises...