“Each day we make deposits in our memory bank,” Charles R. Swindoll once said, and this is true, even if it’s something as small as remembering a telephone number someone told you. Memory is used in everyday life, and it basically refers not to just how well we retain information, but it also refers to the process of how well we acquire, store, and retrieve them. For example, have you ever gone to the grocery store and tried to remember the things you were supposed to buy? Many times you may make a small list and once you have the list written down, you then rehearse it so that the list can be stored in your memory. Lastly, once you arrive at the grocery store the list you rehearsed will be retrieved, and then the shopping process can begin. Because of these everyday situations that occur, led me to research and replicate the levels of processing approach on encoding and memory.
The study of the human memory has been studied for many years and it has also been a major topic in cognitive psychology. Cognitive psychology is the study of how we think, remember, and learn new information. The question of what memory is and how they are formed are frequently asked in psychology, and throughout this paper the answers to these questions will be stated. As stated above memory is the process by which we acquire, store, retain, and later retrieve information. Memory also has three major processes: encoding, storage, and retrieval. When information is changed into a usable form, the encoding process has taken place. Once the information has been encoded it must be stored in memory to be used at a later time. Lastly, the retrieval process refers to how well we can use the information stored and put it to use. All of these things are involved in memory and help us explain its process.
Levels of processing are the idea that the way information is encoded will have an effect on how well it is remembered. Encoding and memory are two major aspects in the way we...