Life Style Factors That Can Affect
Sports Training And
Stimulants | Make athletes more alert and mask fatigue | Can cause heart failure, addictive |
Anabolic agents - steroids | Help athletes to train harder and build muscle | Increased aggression and kidney damage |
Diuretics | Remove fluid from the body. Used : * to make the weight, e.g. in boxing * to hide other drug use | Causes severe dehydration |
Narcotic analgesics | Mask pain caused by injury or fatigue which can make the injury worse | Addictive |
Peptides and hormones | EPO (Erythropoietin) red blood cells - gives more energyHGH (Human Growth Hormone) - build muscle | EPO - risk of stroke or heart problems.HGH - abnormal growth, heart disease, diabetes, arthritis etc. |
Some athletes take illegal substances, an activity known as ‘doping’ the most popular being stimulants and hormones which are performance enhancers, they have numerous health risks and are banned by all the main sports governing bodies . There are five types of ‘doping classes’ (banned drugs):
Taking anabolic-androgenic steroids to enhance athletic performance, besides being prohibited by most sports organizations, is illegal. In the past 20 years, more effective law enforcement in the United States has pushed much of the illegal steroid industry into the black market. This poses additional health risks because the drugs are made in other countries.
Many people have the misconception that when an athlete is in competition it can build up stress which can cause a negative effect on their performance. This is not always true as it may cause negative anxiety in one performer and positive excitement in another. Stress management is also very important as you would need to have a balance of your stress levels, as too low a level of stress will make you unchallenged whereas to high a level will impair your performance.
To achieve peak performance, your heart and lungs need...