Malcolm X was an African-American Muslim minister and human rights activist. He believed in equality between human beings during a time where there was a lot of discrimination and racial violence across the world. This essay discusses the background of Malcolm X, which includes his childhood and how he was treated. It looks at what experiences that occurred in his life which influenced his activism, as well as what made him a great leader and role model and finally his achievements.
Malcolm was born in Omaha, Nebraska in 1925. He was the fourth of eight children born to Louise, his mother, who was a stay at home mother and Earl Little, his father, who was a Baptist minister and a firm supporter of Black Nationalist leader Marcus Garvey. Due to Earl Little’s civil rights activism, the family faced frequent harassment from white supremacist groups, causing the family to relocate twice. In fact, Malcolm had his first meeting with racism before he was even born. Malcolm states “When my mother was pregnant with me, a party of hooded Ku Klux Klan riders galloped up to our home, Brandishing their shotguns and rifles, they shouted for my father to come out." The family then moved to Michigan, where they continued to receive mistreatment and violence. In 1929 when Malcolm was only four years old their Michigan home was burned down to the ground for the emergency responders refused to help. Two years later, Malcolm’s father was found dead lying across the town’s trolley tracks. Several years after the death of Malcolm’s father, Louise had an emotional breakdown and was sent into a mental institution and the eight children were split up and sent to assorted foster homes and orphanages.
Malcolm X appealed to blacks who wished for equality and peace. Malcolm was clearly spoken and a powerful orator. He had a different voice for young blacks everywhere, spreading Islam religion instead of the Christian approach, as Malcolm believes that it might not work and there...