Anti Essays offers essay examples to help students with their essay writing.

Sign Up

Med Surge Essay

  • Submitted by: Michellear27
  • on February 22, 2014
  • Category: Miscellaneous
  • Length: 1,414 words

Open Document

Below is an essay on "Med Surge" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Exam 1
Cardiovascular System
  * Function of the heart is to circulate blood, O2, nutrients, remove CO2 & waste
  * Pumps about 5L per minute
  * Coronary arteries perfuse the heart
  * Hemoglobin carries O2 which carries protein
  * To increase RBC production, erythropoietin is made by the kidneys & bone marrow
      * Drugs: Epoetin, Epogen or Aranesp stimulates production of RBC’s
  * Leukemia & Kidney failure have low blood counts
  * Pericardial Effusion- Fluid buildup around the heart
      * Exercise to strengthen heart
  * Right side of heart is Deoxygenated blood
Heart sounds
  * Clicks- Snap sound (must be on blood thinners because it’s an artificial mechanical valve
  * Rubs- Pericardial friction rub
  * Murmurs- Swishing/gurgling (valve not closing completely, damaged valve) Turbulent blood flow
  * S1, S2- lub/dub (normal heart sounds)
      * S1-closing of mitral & tricuspid valve
      * S2-closing of aortic & pulmonic valve
  * Gallop rhythm-
Electrical Activity
  * SA node- Pacemaker of the heart (80) (located in the RA, it initiates the electrical impulse)
  * AV node- (60)
  * Bundle of His (40)
  * Purkinje Fibers (20)
Starlings Law- The greater the stretch of the myocardium as the ventricles fill w/blood, the stronger the ventricular contraction
Preload- Ventricle filling w/blood; diastolic filling w/blood
After load- After ventricle is loaded/force of the ventricle must overcome to empty; diastolic emptying blood
- Volume varies according to body size
C.O.- The amount of blood pumped out of LV each minute to the body (HR X SV)
- Normal C.O. 4-8 L/min

Blood Pressure
  * Systole (ventricular contraction)
  * Diastole (Ventricular relaxation)
  * Pulse Pressure (Difference between systolic & diastolic)
Factors Increasing BP
  * Atherosclerosis- plaque fatty deposits formed in the arteries, causing narrowing
  * Increase volume in blood vessels (CHF)

Show More


MLA Citation

"Med Surge". Anti Essays. 14 Dec. 2018


APA Citation

Med Surge. Anti Essays. Retrieved December 14, 2018, from the World Wide Web: http://teachingsail.com/free-essays/Med-Surge-584596.html

Doraemon: Nobita’s Dinosaur (2006) | A Gentleman's Dignity | Top Comedy