Welcome

Anti Essays offers essay examples to help students with their essay writing.

Sign Up

Med Surge Essay

  • Submitted by: Michellear27
  • on February 22, 2014
  • Category: Miscellaneous
  • Length: 1,414 words

Open Document

Below is an essay on "Med Surge" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Exam 1
Cardiovascular System
  * Function of the heart is to circulate blood, O2, nutrients, remove CO2 & waste
  * Pumps about 5L per minute
  * Coronary arteries perfuse the heart
  * Hemoglobin carries O2 which carries protein
  * To increase RBC production, erythropoietin is made by the kidneys & bone marrow
      * Drugs: Epoetin, Epogen or Aranesp stimulates production of RBC’s
  * Leukemia & Kidney failure have low blood counts
  * Pericardial Effusion- Fluid buildup around the heart
      * Exercise to strengthen heart
  * Right side of heart is Deoxygenated blood
Heart sounds
  * Clicks- Snap sound (must be on blood thinners because it’s an artificial mechanical valve
  * Rubs- Pericardial friction rub
  * Murmurs- Swishing/gurgling (valve not closing completely, damaged valve) Turbulent blood flow
  * S1, S2- lub/dub (normal heart sounds)
      * S1-closing of mitral & tricuspid valve
      * S2-closing of aortic & pulmonic valve
  * Gallop rhythm-
Electrical Activity
  * SA node- Pacemaker of the heart (80) (located in the RA, it initiates the electrical impulse)
  * AV node- (60)
  * Bundle of His (40)
  * Purkinje Fibers (20)
Starlings Law- The greater the stretch of the myocardium as the ventricles fill w/blood, the stronger the ventricular contraction
Preload- Ventricle filling w/blood; diastolic filling w/blood
After load- After ventricle is loaded/force of the ventricle must overcome to empty; diastolic emptying blood
- Volume varies according to body size
C.O.- The amount of blood pumped out of LV each minute to the body (HR X SV)
- Normal C.O. 4-8 L/min

Blood Pressure
  * Systole (ventricular contraction)
  * Diastole (Ventricular relaxation)
  * Pulse Pressure (Difference between systolic & diastolic)
Factors Increasing BP
  * Atherosclerosis- plaque fatty deposits formed in the arteries, causing narrowing
  * Increase volume in blood vessels (CHF)
  *...

Show More


Citations

MLA Citation

"Med Surge". Anti Essays. 14 Dec. 2018

<http://teachingsail.com/free-essays/Med-Surge-584596.html>

APA Citation

Med Surge. Anti Essays. Retrieved December 14, 2018, from the World Wide Web: http://teachingsail.com/free-essays/Med-Surge-584596.html


Doraemon: Nobita’s Dinosaur (2006) | A Gentleman's Dignity | Top Comedy