July 12, 2014
mental illness, Involuntary commitment, what is mental illness, how many people are diagnosed with a mental illness each year, history of mental illness, how cultures used to perceive mental illness, what steps have to happen to have someone committed, do the mentally ill have rights, do they have access to a lawyer, has any involuntary committed patient ever sued for the commitment, what are the laws concerning mental illness and involuntary commitment.
Mental Illness: Involuntary Commitment, Is it Legal?
Mental Disorder as defined by Merriam-Webster Dictionary, A mental or bodily condition marked primarily by sufficient disorganization of personality, mind and emotions to seriously impair the normal psychological functioning of the individual- called also mental illness.( Merriam-Webster online dictionary.) The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is the American Psychiatric Associations standard reference for Psychiatry which includes over 400 different definitions of mental disorders.(Wikipedia, List of Mental Disorders) Given that there are over 400 different definitions of mental disorders, and some disorders are more severe than others, is it legal to involuntarily commit someone who has been diagnosed with a mental disorder if they are a threat to themselves and others around them?
Many cultures have viewed mental illness as a form of religious punishment for doing something against the church or as a demonic possession where they would hold special ceremonies to cast out the evil inside the person. In ancient Egyptian, Indian, Greek and Roman writings, mental illness was categorized as a religious or personal problem. In the 5th Century B.C. Hippocrates was a pioneer in treating mentally ill people with techniques not rooted in religion or superstition; instead he focused on changing a mentally ill patients environment or occupation, or...