Section 6 Study Questions (25.0 points)
Answer each question fully. Complete sentences are not necessary, but some questions may require more than one sentence to answer them fully.
Lesson 1 (7.0 points)
1. What is a space? (1.0 points)
A space is a three-dimensional area made up of height, width, and depth. The word space is also used to mean the combination of all three-dimensional spaces that exist.
2. What do human eyes and brains use to figure out things about a space? (1.0 points)
Some outdoor spaces are very large and don't include many objects to define their edges. For example, a very large field might stretch as far as the human eye can see without reaching objects that create a visible edge to the space.
3. What is a plane? (1.0 points)
A plane is a flat, two-dimensional surface.
4. What is a picture plane? (1.0 points)
A picture plane is the decorative space of a 2D artwork.
5. What is the difference between figure and ground? (1.5 points)
Figure is another name for a positive shape. The figure is the main object or objects in an artwork. Ground is another name for a negative shape. The ground is the collection of space or less important objects surrounding the figure.
6. What are at least three visual cues artists can use to create the illusion of depth? (1.5 points) size, color, location
Lesson 2 (5.0 points)
1. Which type of perspective is the most realistic? (1.0 points)
2. How are objects drawn in isometric perspective? (1.0 points)
In isometric perspective, objects are drawn according to their actual size, with their width, height, and depth shown as they actually are.
3. In linear perspective, what is a vanishing point? (1.0 points)
The vanishing point is where the two parallel lines hit the horizon line.
4. Which type of linear perspective would be useful for showing a road or train track moving straight away from the observer and vanishing into the distance?