Plagiarism is the act of passing of another’s work as his or her own. The consequences can include losing a lucrative writing contract, loss of reputation and being expelled from school. The amount of students committing plagiarism is unknown but what is known is that plagiarism occurs at all levels of education regardless of socio-economic status. Students plagiarize for many reasons the plagiarism can be unintentional or intentional. Often the academic pressure is great and a student may be tempted to purchase a paper online and submit it as their own original work. Unintentional plagiarism could be committed by merely citing improperly or leaving out quotation marks. This paper gives examples of both unintentional and intentional plagiarism as well as ways to avoid plagiarism.
Plagiarism is a simple word that holds a lot of meaning with serious consequences. Dictionary.com defines plagiarism as “an act or instance of using or closely imitating the language and thoughts of another author without authorization and the representation of that author’s work as one’s own, as by not crediting the original author” (plagiarism, n.d.). Plagiarism consists of written text and the spoken word that has not been correctly cited or intentionally passing of others works as one’s own. This includes, but is not limited to the use of graphs, charts, seminars, recorded information, books, another person’s ideas, encyclopedias and the use of websites (What is Plagiarism?, n.d.).
While there has been little scientific study done on the incident rate of plagiarism, college surveys suggest plagiarism is common (Dee & Jacob, 2012). According to Poniewozik & Sachs (2006), plagiarism occurs at all types of institutions. For example, a student at Harvard University lost a $500,000 book contract when it was discovered she inadvertently used passages from another book (Poniewozik & Sachs, 2006). Plagiarism can come...