Problem: Poverty in the society
b. Causes of poverty
c. Effects of poverty
3. Solving poverty
Poverty is defined as “The state or condition of having little or no money, goods, or means of support”. Despite some positive developments, poverty in Kenya has continued to be a huge problem. More than 40% of Kenya's population are living below the poverty line that is below one dollar a day. This means that they are absolutely poor. They cannot afford resources to maintain their lives and almost all of their income is spent on food. Some people have landed into the poverty trap in that they are unable to improve their income because they depend on state benefits that are induced as earnings increase.
The dry poverty statistics in Kenya are alarming. Somewhere between one quarter and half of the population earn less than $1 US each day (the annual GDP per capita is around $360 US). It was estimated in 1992 that half of all rural Kenyans were living below the poverty line. That represents approximately 9 million people. The situation is not quite as bad in the urban centers, where such poverty only effects a third of the population.
A 2005 report by the United Nations ranked Kenya as 154th out of a list of 177 countries, in terms of life expectancy, literacy levels and overall gross domestic product. Just three years earlier, the country had ranked 134th. For comparison, Uganda was ranked at 144th, and Tanzania was 164th. Both are immediate neighbors of Kenya.
There are several factors contributing to the ongoing problem of poverty in Kenya, though the issue of Kenya's economic state is far more complex than a simple list of causes.
Causes of Poverty.
Limited Economic Diversity: Around three quarters of Kenya's population is dependent on the agriculture industry, but with its erratic weather patterns and vast regions of arid desert, it is a very unstable sector. Periods of...