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Reduced Relative Clauses Essay

  • Submitted by: diahpitaloka
  • on February 21, 2013
  • Category: English
  • Length: 538 words

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Below is an essay on "Reduced Relative Clauses" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

REDUCED CLAUSES


1. Reduced clauses are a common feature of written English. They are not much used in spoken language.





2. As their name implies, they are created by 'reducing ' or contracting a standard clause.





3. They are a stylistic device. In other words, they are used for style, not for any other reason.





REDUCED ADJECTIVE CLAUSES


Adjective Clause:


1. Teachers who work here come from many different countries.


Reduced Clause:


Teachers working here come from many different countries.


Adjective Clause:


2.Oil which is produced here is exported elsewhere.


Reduced Clause:


Oil produced here  is exported elsewhere.





In example 1, who work becomes working.    Why?


Because work is Active and an Active voice is replaced by the Present Participle (V-ing) in a reduced clause.


It doesn't matter what tense the verb is, this rule applies.  Look at example 3.








Adjective Clause:


3. Students who have lost their books have to replace them.


Reduced Clause:


Students losing their books have to replace them.


In example 2, which is produced becomes produced.  Why?


Because is produced is Passive and this is reduced to the Past Participle in a reduced clause.


You may delete the relative pronoun and the be verb when:


1. they are followed by a prepositional phrase.


A. The man who is in the house is my father.


    The man in the house is my father.


B. The books that are on the desk are mine


    The books on the desk are mine.


2. the main verb in the relative clause is progressive.


A. The man who is swimming in the lake is my father.


    The man swimming in the lake is my father.


B. The books that are lying on the floor are mine.


    The books lying on the floor are mine.


You may NOT delete the relative pronoun and the be verb when:


1. They are followed by an adjective:


    The man who...

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"Reduced Relative Clauses". Anti Essays. 11 Dec. 2018

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APA Citation

Reduced Relative Clauses. Anti Essays. Retrieved December 11, 2018, from the World Wide Web: http://teachingsail.com/free-essays/Reduced-Relative-Clauses-410104.html


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