The beginning of a thing is sometimes defined and other times estimated. For instance the creation of the atom bomb has a specific date in time, whereas the big bang is simply given an estimated time because it can’t be measured. This short essay will examine the history of the 48th State Arizona. There will be five sections: early history, Spanish exploration and Mexican control, U.S. Acquisition and the discovery of minerals, and modern development.
The exact description of the earliest indigenous cultures of Arizona can only be speculated to have appeared 25,000 B.C (Pearson Education, 2012). The more definable cultures emerged around A.D. 500 (Pearson Education, 2012). They were called the Hohokam, pit dwellers, who specialized in irrigation systems (Pearson Education, 2012). The 11th century saw the appearance of the Pueblo, who unlike the Hohokam, lived in elaborate cliff dwellings (Pearson Education, 2012). There homes still stand today. Canada in the 13th century was the exit point for the Apache and Navajo who began to settle the land (Pearson Education, 2012). Jumping about 200 hundred years ahead we are introduced to the Spanish and Mexicans.
Spanish Exploration and Mexican Control
The 15th century introduced the Spanish to the region starting with Cabeza de Vaca, an explorer (Pearson Education, 2012). Next came Marcos de Niza in 1539, who was a Franciscan friar (Pearson Education, 2012). Mexico began to make its mark with Francisco Vasquez de Coronado in 1540 (Pearson Education, 2012). The expedition was for the legendary cities of gold. He even extended his search to the Grand Canyon. New Mexico won out over Arizona in the eyes of the Spanish due to more bountiful lands (Pearson Education, 2012). The time period of the 16th and 17th centuries saw the introduction of missions headed and established by Father Eusebio Kino, a Jesuit (Pearson Education, 2012).
The locations were Guevavi, Tumacacori near Nogales, and...