Outline some of the ways in which the labelling process may lead to educational under-achievement for some pupils.
Labelling is a body of sociological theory which examines how the identity and behaviour of individuals is shaped by their categories by significant social others.
Self-fulfilling prophecy is when a teacher labels pupil on the basis of this label means they make predictions about them. Then, it means the teacher treats the pupil accordingly acting as if the predications are already true. The pupils internalise the teacher’s expectations of their self-concept so that they actually become the kind of pupil that the teacher believed them to be when labelling. If the teacher believes that a pupil will fail, they more than likely will fail because they have been labelled to be a ‘failure’. Although, this is not always the case, some people will also be labelled like a failure but they will try and prove the teachers wrong and will try their hardest to pass their lesson/exams because they will disagree with the teachers label.
Grouping ability means banding, setting or streaming pupils. When a teacher places a student in a lower band, they will not be able to achieve their full potential because they will be having a lesson and being taught things that they will already know and will not be able to push their-selves to their full potential as they are not being taught things that they should be being taught to reach their potential. For example, if a child is placed into foundation stage level of English or Maths and they could be in the higher stage of English or Maths they will not be reaching their full potential because they are not in the set and stage they should be.
All teachers have an image of an ‘ideal pupil’ in their school and class. This doesn’t always mean that this pupil is the smartest and cleverest out of everyone in the class it just mean that they are perceived as a ‘ideal...