The controversy over stem cell treatment is derived from the use of embryonic stem cells. Embryonic stem cells are stem cells that are taken from a human embryo that is fifteen days old consequently destroying the embryo. Some experts argue that at this stage of development, the embryo is simply a bunch of cells; therefore, it is acceptable to use these embryos in any way shape or form, particularly if there is a good or noble intention behind it, such as saving many human lives and reducing suffering. Whether someone supports or condemns the use of these cells fundamentally comes down to whether they consider the embryo to be a human life.
Embryonic Stem cells are potent, which means they are able to differentiate into all byproducts of the three primary layers. Because of their plasticity and potentially unlimited capacity for self-renewal, embryonic stem cell therapies have been proposed for regenerative medicine and tissue replacement after injury or disease.
On the contrary, the opposition researchers’ argue that embryonic stem cells are stem cells made from the center of the cell mass at the early stage embryonic development. Subsequently, these researchers believe this early stage of development is a human life. They believe no human life should be given a higher value than another. Opponents of stem cell research are not implying they want the sick to suffer or die, but that it is their belief it is morally and ethically wrong to create a life purely for the purposes of saving another.
Some adversaries of research argue that this practice is a slippery slope to reproductive cloning and fundamentally devalues the worth of a human being. Contrarily, some medical researchers in the field argue that it is necessary to pursue embryonic stem cell research because the resultant technologies could have significant medical potential, and excess embryos created for in vitro fertilization could be donated with consent and used for the research. This in turn,...