Technology Acts Paper
February 17, 2014
The purpose of this paper is to address the role of information technology in the formation and implementation of the Children’s Internet Protection and Patriot Acts. The emphasis is on why acts were necessary or enhanced by advancements in information technology and Internet access and content. Furthermore, their effect on what children and exposure to inappropriate websites and pictures or government and law enforcement tools to track suspected terrorists and prevent further terrorist attacks like those of 911 2001.
Children’s Internet Protection Act, 2000
The Children’s Internet Protection Act (CIPA) enacted in 2000 and implemented by the FCC in 2001, to address concerns of children’s access to inappropriate websites or harmful Internet content. CIPA sets requirements schools and libraries that receive discounts for more affordable products and services through the E-rate program for schools and libraries with rules issued with provided updates to the rules in 2011(FCC, n.d.).
Schools and libraries subject to CIPA may not receive the E-rate discount unless they can certify they have an Internet safety policy, which includes technology protection measures. Protection measures must block or filter access over the Internet, pictures considered obscene, child pornography, or harmful to children (minors) for computers accessible to minors. Before the policy is adopted reasonable notice must be provided and at least one public hearing or meeting addressing the proposal.
Schools subject to CIPA have two additional certification requirements, the Internet safety policies require monitoring online activities of minors as the Protecting Children in the 21st Century Act educate minors on appropriate online behavior, to include social network site, chat room interface, and cyber bullying awareness and response (FCC, n.d.).
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