a) What is the problem, and what is its history?
As the development of society all over the world, including Canada, people suffer more and more pressures from daily life. Yet, suicide is becoming an important social problem nowadays. Especially teenagers, their lives are no longer simple as before, because of the complicated environment. But what are those things that truly affect teenage? Is that just simply because of family, study, friends or culture?
The problem of teenage suicide nowadays is already become a worldwide concern. According to the data from Centre for Suicide Prevention, in Canada, suicide is the second highest cause of death for youth aged 10-24. Each year, on average, 294 youths die from suicide. Many more attempt suicide. According to Statistics Canada figures, Canadian suicide rates greatly increased in the 1960s and 1970s and, though they became stable in the 1980s, yet they are still at the highest level in Canadian history. Between 1960 and 1978, the overall suicide rate rose from 7.6 per 100,000 populations to 14.8. During the last decade, the suicide rate, though relatively stable, has been about double the rate throughout most of the period from1921 to 1961 and well above previous highs recorded during the Depression of the 1930s.
Take Quebec as an example, it is one of the provinces in Canada, which has a 7.2 million mostly population, occupies a territory that is three times the size of California. (Lambert, Chagnon, Renaud & Rivard, 2004)While it has the highest death rate of suicide-20.7 per 100,000 populations in the 15-19 age teenage group compare to the average number in America which is 12.0 per 100,000 populations in 15-24 age group (Peters & Murphy, 1998), and the average death number of suicide in whole Canada which is 11.5 per 100,000 populations in 1996 (Statistics Canada, 1998). Furthermore, the main reason of the Quebec has the highest rate of teen suicides of all the Canadian provinces is the culture-they...