The Effects of Long-Term Unemployment
Long-term unemployment can be caused by many changes in the economy, unwillingness to work, and rapid changes in technology. The United States has seen this happen time after time over the last twenty years. Americans have suffered greatly due to this continuing issue. Unemployment can have so many negative effects on everyday life. Three long-term effects are health problems, emotional issues, and financial problems.
First of all, long-term unemployment can cause a person to have numerous health problems and have a shorter life span. A study was done in 2009 to research unemployed workers in the state of Pennsylvania. Those workers who lost their jobs had an average age of 40, and their life expectancy was reduced by one year. When unemployment happens most of the time, one has to deal with losing health insurance. Having no health insurance could mean regular check ups do not happen that could possibly catch health problems before they become an issue. Laid off workers are at twice the risk of developing diabetes and high blood pressure. Weight gain can occur because there my not be any physical activity or exercising being done that would occur during the normal work day. Blood clots can form if there is sudden immobilization since muscles are not contracting the way they used to. Alcoholism can occur because one can feel because the alcohol can take away the pain. Excessive alcohol consumption results in fatty liver, hepatitis, cirrhosis and cancer of the liver. This is because the liver breaks down alcohol at a slower rate than non alcoholic drinks.
Next, often overlooked are the emotional effects of unemployment. Long-term unemployment can have lasting effects on a person. Reports show 40 percent of those who experienced unemployment lasting for at least six months say that it has caused major changes in life. It is an extremely stressful situation, and one that often leads to depression, anxiety, and substance abuse....