The ethical view of abortion
Does a mother have the right to take the life of her unborn child? Some may say that it is God’s will for that fetus to be born, and that the child is supposed to be born. This essay does not argue religious views, but ethical views. I will be using different views from an ethical standpoint to try to understand if abortion is morally good or bad. From a non-biblical standpoint, it is based on whether a woman finds it ethically right to terminate a pregnancy and what effect it would ultimately have on her happiness. Therefore, abortion is not philosophically incorrect. In this paper, we will discuss how natural law, utilitarianism and ethical relativism cause opposition to these theories.
Abortion is defined as: “The deliberate termination of a human pregnancy." However, if only the debate over the abortion issue was as simple as the definition provided. Much like every aspect of human life, a statement is not right or wrong, but can be left opens for interpretation. There is no black and white in life, only gray areas. Some issues provide us more gray areas than others. Abortion is a good example of that.
If a woman does not believe in a higher power, what justifies her right to an abortion? With the theory of ethical relativism, it is up to the mother whether she believes that the abortion is morally right or wrong, not society’s morals. Some might ask how a woman could possibly feel that an abortion is a just decision. In cases where the woman is unable to care for the child either; financially, emotionally, or mentally, she may feel that the abortion is morally acceptable. Other instances such as the child may have been conceived as the result of rape or by an abusive partner may also be morally right to get an abortion from the mothers view. Therefore, if a woman feels that having the child would be wrong the philosophy of ethical relativism would support her decision.
Act Utilitarianism is teleological, meaning that the...