Equality, Diversity and Rights
Discriminatory practice in health and social care, P2&P3&M1
Discrimination bases on factors like culture, disabilities, age, social class, gender, sexuality, health status, family status, cognitive ability etc. It can be practiced in many ways including infringement of rights, covert or overt abuse of power, stereotyping, abuse, bullying, prejudice and labelling, basically anything that involves the giving of unfair treatment to people based on above factors and personal opinions. If a person is discriminated against it can cause a detrimental effect like low self-esteem, negative behaviour (criminality, depression or aggression), marginalisation and disempowerment etc.
Prejudice refers to beliefs, thoughts, feelings, and attitudes that someone holds about a group or an individual. A prejudice is not based on experience; instead, it is a prejudgment, forming from outside of actual experience or knowledge. In practice prejudice could be a health care visitor being discriminative to another due to their religion and may personally believe that they will raise their child in a different way due to this. When a person is prejudice within a health and social care setting, there is a high possibility that it will affect their level of work and cause unfair treatment. This could also lead the individual to feel abused or even neglected.
Another form of discrimination is stereotyping. Stereotyping someone is building ideas of individualities without even knowing them; this is treating someone unfairly. An example of this in a social care setting could be where a nursery teacher stereotypes a child with ADHD as being really naughty and nothing but trouble; therefore decide that it’s best to stop the child from participating in group activities. Doing this could lead the child to feel upset and distressed. The above is a form of exclusion, the teacher may not realise what they doing to the child and the effects the actions may...