Self Identity and Conflict, Final Essay
'To tell the truth, if we assert our differences so fiercely, it is precisely because we are less and less different from one another.'
Identity is one of several fundamental human needs that underlie many intractable conflicts. Identity theorists argue that conflicts over needs are vastly different from conflicts over interests, because interests are negotiable, needs are not. Some of the more common types of conflicts are over identity. These conflicts occur when a person or a group feels that his or her sense of self 'who one is' maybe under threat. The natural sense of self is so important, not only to human self esteem but also to how one understands the rest of the world, that any threat to identity is likely to produce a strong response. This response commonly being aggressive and defensive and can escalate quickly into conflict.
'Researchers have tended to ‘confirm’ the role of identity in an ex post facto fashion, looking only at actual conflicts with cultural differences, without considering the opportunities for conflict among groups.'
Identity is the primary issue in most racial and ethnic conflicts. It is also a key issue in many gender and family conflicts, when men and women disagree on the proper role of the other. Socialization is an important factor in everyone’s life. No matter one’s color, race, gender, etc, socialization occurs and brings about a social identity for every individual. How the individual chooses to adapt to their environment and develop their own sense of self is the important sociological question here. Primary socialization generally occurs during the very early stages of childhood. This time does not so much promote individual abstract thought as much as it gives one simply a spot in society. Secondary socialization is the internalization of institutional or institution-based “sub worlds.” To a point, secondary...